• I. N. Sokolova Ukrainian Research Institute of Forestry & Forest Melioration named after G.M. Vysotsky, Kharkiv, Ukraine
  • I. N. Shvydenko Kharkiv National Agrarian University named after V.V. Dokuchaev, Kharkiv, Ukraine
  • E. S. Kardash Kharkiv National Pedagogical University named after G.S. Skovoroda, Kharkiv, Ukraine
Keywords: gnowing phyllophagous insects, species composition, urban stands, forage trees, prevalence, Kharkiv


The aim of research was to reveal the features of the prevalence of dendrobiont phylophagous insects with gnawing mouthparts in deciduous stands of streets, parks and Forest park of the city of Kharkiv. Researches were carried out in 2017–2020 by foliage inspection and insects collecting each 1–2 weeks of vegetative season from Acer, Aesculus, Alnus, Betula, Fraxinus, Populus, Quercus, Robinia, Salix, Sorbus, Tilia, and Ulmus. The prevalence of certain species of phyllophages was assessed by manual collection, using an entomological net, collection of larvae with rearing on the leaves of forage tree, as well as by characteristic damage (particularly miners). In the street, park and forest-park stands of Kharkiv, 108 species of phyllophagous insects with a gnawing mouthparts were found and conditionally divided into groups in accordance with the feeding habits and taxonomy: insects with an open lifestyle (61 species) from the orders Hymenoptera (2 species) and Lepidoptera (59 species); insects with an open lifestyle from the order Coleoptera (33 species); insects with a hidden lifestyle (miners) (14 species) from the orders Coleoptera (2 species) and Lepidoptera (12 species). In the forest park, 105 species (97.2%) of phyllophagous insects with gnawing mouthparts were found, in parks - 67 species (62%), in street stands - 33 species (30.6 %). Menchinick’s index (DMn) values for chewing phyllophagous insects were evaluated as 10.2; 8.2, and 5.7 in forest park, parks, and streets. Jaccard’s index (Cj) values were evaluated when comparing different types of urban stands in Kharkiv. The greatest similarity of the complexes of phyllophagous insects was found in parks and forest park (Cj=0.52 for Coleoptera with open lifestyle; Cj =0.59 for Lepidoptera and Hymenoptera with open lifestyle and Cj=1 for leaf-miners from Coleoptera and Lepidoptera). Most of the revealed species were single or rare. Xanthogaleruca luteola was a common species in the streets, parks and Forest park, Chrysomela populi, and two Clytra species in the Forest park, Tomostethus nigritus in parks, Cameraria ohridella in the street and park stands. Plagiora versicora and Crepidodera aurata were found only in street stands.


Branco, M., Nunes, P., Roques, A., Fernandes, M. R., Orazio, C., & Jactel, H., 2019. Urban trees facilitate the establishment of non-native forest insects. NeoBiota, 52: 25-46. ff10.3897/neobiota.52.36358ff. ffhal-02625954

British Leafminers, 2015. Available at: < ttp: //>. [Accessed 11 September 2020].

Frank, S. D. and Just, M. G., 2020. Can Cities Activate Sleeper Species and Predict Future Forest Pests? A Case Study of Scale Insects. Insects, 11(3): 142.

Gusev, V.I., 1984. Identifier of damage to forest, ornamental and fruit trees and shrubs. Moscow: Lesnaja Promyshlennost. (In Russian: Гусев, В.И. Определитель повреждений лесных, декоративных и плодовых деревьев и кустарников).

Hammer, O., Harper, D. A. T. and Ryan, P. D., 2001. PAST: paleontological statistics software package for education and data analysis. Palaeontologia Electronica, 4: 1–9.

Kardash, Ye. S., Sokolova, I. M., 2020. Structure of phyllophagous insects' complexes in deciduous stands of Kharkiv city. Biodiversity, ecology and experimental biology, 2020, 22(1): 68–81. doi: (In Ukrainian: Кардаш, Є. С., Соколова, І. М. Структура комплексів комах-філофагів листяних насаджень м. Харків)

Kirichenko, N. I., 2014. Methodological approaches to the study of insects mining leaves of woody plants. Izvestia Sankt-Peterburgskoj Lesotehniceskoj Akademii, 207, 235–246 (In Russian: Кириченко Н. И. Методические подходы к исследованию насекомых, минирующих листья древесных растений).

Kollár, J., 2014. Alien pest species on woody plants in urban conditions of Slovakia. Plants in Urban Areas and Landscape, 71-74. DOI: 10.15414/2014.9788055212623.

Leontyev, D.V., 2007. Floristic analysis in micology. Kharkiv: Osnova (In Ukrainian: Леонтьєв, Д. В. Флористичний аналіз у мікології).

Maksimova, Ju.P., 1969. Harmful fauna of insects and mites of tree and shrub stands in Kharkov and justification of measures to control the main species. Ref. to Ph.D. Kharkiv State University. 03.00.09 – Entomology (in Russian: Максимова, Ю. П. Вредная фауна насекомых и клещей древесных и кустарниковых насаждений г. Харькова и обоснование мероприятий по борьбе с главнейшими видами).

Maksimova, Ju. P., 1965. To the issue of harmful Lepidoptera in green stands of Kharkov. Herald of Kharkov University, 1: 87–93 (In Russian: Максимова, Ю. П. К вопросу о вредных чешуекрылых зеленых насаждений г. Харькова)

Maksimova, Ju. P., 1967. To the knowledge of Coleoptera damaging tree and shrub stands in Kharkov. Entomological review, 46: 799–804 (In Russian: Максимова, Ю. П. К познанию жесткокрылых (Coleoptera), вредящих древесно-кустарниковым насаждениям г. Харькова)

Meshkova, V. L., 2009. Seasonal development of foliage browsing insects. Kharkiv: Novoe slovo (In Russian: Мешкова В.Л. Сезонное развитие хвоелистогрызущих насекомых).

Meshkova V. L., Bajdyk G. V. and Bererzhnenko Zh. I., 2016. Peculiarities of seasonal development of leaf beetles (Chrysomelidae) in the field protective forest belts of Kharkiv region. The Bulletin of Kharkiv National Agrarian University. Series «Phytopathology and Entomology», 1–2: 70–78. (In Ukrainian: Мєшкова, В. Л., Байдик Г. В., Бережненко, Ж. І. Особливості сезонного розвитку листоїдів (Chrysomelidae) у полезахисних лісових смугах Харківської області).

Meshkova V. L., Bajdyk G. V. and Bererzhnenko Zh. I., 2018. Dynamics of English oak foliage damage by insects in the field protective forest belts of Kharkiv region. The Bulletin of Kharkiv National Agrarian University. Series «Phytopathology and Entomology», 1–2: 92–100. (In Ukrainian: Мєшкова, В. Л., Байдик Г. В., Бережненко, Ж. І. Динаміка пошкодження комахами листя дуба звичайного у полезахисних лісових смугах Харківської області.

Meshkova, V. L. and Gamajunova, S. G., 2000. Population dynamics of leaf-rollers (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) in the limits of 11-year sun spot activity cycle. The Kharkov Entomological Society Gazette, 8(2): 114–117 (In Ukrainian: Мєшкова, В. Л., Гамаюнова, С. Г. Динамiка чисельностi листовiйок (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) у межах 11–рiчного циклу сонячної активностi).

Meshkova, V., Kukina, O., Zinchenko, O. and Davydenko, K., 2017. Three-year dynamics of common ash defoliation and crown condition in the focus of black sawfly Tomostethus nigritus F. (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae). Baltic Forestry, 23(1): 303-308.

Meshkova, V.L. and Mikulina, I.N., 2012. Seasonal development of invasive leaf miner moths in the green stands of Kharkiv. Ecological and economic consequences of invasions of dendrophilic insects. In: Proc. of All-Russian conference with international participation. Krasnoyarsk, 25–27 September 2012. Krasnoyarsk: IF SD RAS, 2012: 168–171 (In Russian: Мешкова, В. Л., Микулина, И. Н. Сезонное развитие инвазионных молей-минеров в зеленых насаждениях г. Харькова. Экологические и экономические последствия инвазий дендрофильных насекомых).

Palij, V.F., 1966. Methods of phenological and faunistic researches of insects. Frunze: Academy of Sciences of the Kirghiz SSR (In Russian: Палий, В. Ф. Методика фенологических и фаунистических исследований насекомых).

Roques, A., Cleary, M., Matsiakh and I., Eschen, R. (Ed.), 2017. Field Guide for the Identification of Damage on Woody Sentinel Plants. CAB International.

Sinev, S.Yu. (ed.). 2019. Catalogue of the Lepidoptera of Russia. Edition 2. St. Petersburg: Zoological Institute RAS (In Russian: Синёв, С. Ю. (ред.). Каталог чешуекрылых (Lepidoptera) России).

Sokolova I. M., 2019. Phenological features of elm leaf beetle in vegetation of Kharkiv city. Forestry & Forest Melioration, 135: 193–198 (In Ukrainian: Соколова, І. М. Фенологічні особливості в’язового листоїда в зелених насадженнях Харкова).

Tarbinsky, S.P. and Plavilshchikov, N.N., 1948. Identifier of insects of the European part of the USSR. M.-L.: OGIZ-Selkhozgiz (In Russian: Тарбинский С. П., Плавильщиков Н.Н. Определитель насекомых европейской части СССР).

Willem, N.E., 2013. Leafminers and plant galls of Europe. Available at: . [Accessed 11 September 2020].